WHY SAVE ONLY TIGERS?
Why save only Tigers?! What about Frogs, Fishes, Monkeys and other animals?
Tigers are not only majestic animals but also on the top of the food chain in an ecosystem. They determine the population of all the other species below them in the food chain. Suppose, Tigers are removed from the ecosystem, the next big predator would be Alligator or Leopard or Vulture and they won’t be able to do all those things that Tigers do. They won’t eat what tigers eat and hence some species might overpopulate the region at the cost of other species. For instance, if Tigers become extinct, the deer shall have one less predator species to eat them and too many deer might overgraze and cause soil erosion and destroy the local vegetation, local climate and also consequently ant’s and termite’s habitat.
Ants and Termites are very important part of the ecosystem as they feed on all the dead material and turn it into manure. They consume and decompose. Their disappearance will mean starvation of anteaters and cause their extinction (except if they can adapt to the sudden dietary change imposed upon them) and thus shall follow the domino effect of extinction, which we are experiencing at this very moment.
Hence, save Tiger!
Species such as Tigers are called Keystone species. (What’s Keystone?) Keystones are such stones in an arc which feels the least pressure; however the arc still collapses without it. Other such Keystone species are Sharks, Sea stars, Brown Bears, African Elephants, Humming birds, Tiger, etc. Keystone species are not permanent, they change with time.
I learnt about this concept from one of the most comprehensive and principle based book called Ecology&Environment by K.Siddhartha. One of my favorite Environmental Studies book (you can take my word because I read a lot about this subject). If you are passionate about Environment or what to educate yourself about it, it’s a must read. (of course for concept building, not for advanced studies)
Also, if you want to read a little extra about it right now, here is the link http://nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/keystone-species/
CONTEST ALERT! If you describe in the comment section about the effects of the extinction of any of the Keystone Species in your area in 200- 250 words. You can win an exciting gift (maybe of your choice), irrespective of where you live! And of course Plagiarism is strictly discouraged. Only original thoughts shall be considered. The contest lasts till the end of this month 🙂
If you are interested in knowing more about Keystone Species, don’t hesitate to post your requests, questions, etc on the comment section below. Ciao