There are different kinds of fiction books. I know about two varieties now. Type-A are realistic fiction throughout; reading them feels like living them, example War & Peace (https://goo.gl/BimFhn). While Type-B deals with realistic subjects, scenarios but are evidently fiction. Both such varieties are inspired through real life events that has deeply impacted the author and the author has also chosen to write about it. The White tiger is Type-B.
It is Arvinda Adiga’s first book, published in 2008 and also the winner of Man Booker Prize (2008). This book is India through the eyes of an underprivileged village boy who eventually goes on to become “a man”. (How intriguing!) It is not just a rags to riches story, but also portrays the differences between the rich and the poor, their perspectives, attitudes, ambitions and….ethics? No! Certainly not!
I don’t know about the author, but the protagonist is certainly an angry (and sarcastic) young man. This angry young man a.k.a. Balram Halwai (Halwai being a sweetmaker “caste” in India) explores castism and classism in Modern India. Balram Halwai is caught between his necessity to be a faithful servant and his instinct to live up to his father’s dream of- being a man.
This book is also a realistic (not real or general) description (as far as I know) of master-servant relationship and also the servant-servant relationship in India, glimpses of life and governance in villages and mega cities (of India, of course). An independent India that has not yet freed itself of its past.
The book is not to be read for its literary merit, rather for its metaphorical merit. Everything writer in a book has two meanings- one literal and another, what you can interpret. The book is like a thought provoking pop song, its easy listening yet profound. If you read it literally, then it is simply grotesque (and morally deceptive, at least according to me), however if you read between the lines and understand the metaphorical meaning then it turns into something meaningful. The reader needs to know when to take what literally or metaphorically.
The narration is darkly sarcastic and witty. (I’ve never read a book more sarcastic than this one.) And the world through the eyes of Balram Halwai is intriguing. Once you start reading, you’ll finish it within a blink of an eye (of course metaphorically! It’s the Arvinda Adiga effect hehehe)
The dreams of the rich, and the dreams of the poor- they never overlap do they?
See, the poor dream all their lives of getting enough to eat and looking like rich. And what do the rich dream of?
Losing weight and looking like the poor.
You were looking for the key for years,
But the door was always open
The moment you recognize what is beautiful in this world, you stop being a slave.
Fact or fiction?
The White Tiger compels me to think- Does it require a person to do immoral or illegal things to climb up the ladder? In the book, Balram Halwai (the protagonist) murders his employer (and it’s not a spoiler) to climb up the latter and eventually climbs up the ladder. And THAT…precisely makes this book a work of fiction (at least for me).
This is what I’ve learnt from the classic Crime and Punishment (https://goo.gl/NYsieg) that no matter how tempting, compelling or grotesque the circumstances are one must choose virtue over vice- because circumstances change and more importantly – as you sow, so shall you reap. If you do something wrong, it’s guilt will imprison you, even if the government cannot; and you shall suffer until and unless you redeem yourself by suffering for your misdeeds.
(Back to the point) Although the protagonist in this book is shown to have “morally suffered” for it, I’d still like to caution the readers to not get a wrong idea. I insist the readers look at the murder committed by Balram Halwai metaphorically, as in, breaking of the shackles of time immemorial and ever-prevalent corruption, slavery, class difference.
However, from the comfortable position of a reader, I agree with Balram Halwai’s inevitable metaphorical revolutionary murder, i.e. breaking away.
Lastly, the book is very simplistic, lacks human complexity and metaphorical; suitable for light reading.
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